“Should I take the IELTS or the CELPIP? I don’t know the differences between these exams!”
“I’ve heard that CELPIP speaking is very tough.”
“The IELTS is so tough! I tried three times but I was unable to get the scores I needed!“
“IELTS writing is very hard and it is impossible to get over band 6.5.”
“There is a great lack of availability of CELPIP material, so it will be hard to practice for this exam.”
“IELTS listening is very easy!”
“CELPIP writing looks much easier than IELTS writing”
Over the course of my teaching career, I’ve heard so many of these proclamations from test-takers and students that I decided to write a detailed post describing these tests to help prospective test-takers decide which one suits their purposes.
|Time||30 minutes + 10 minutes’ transfer time||47 – 55 minutes|
|Accents||All British (i.e. Irish, Received Pronunciation, etc), American (i.e Coastal, Mid-Atlantic, etc), Australian and Canadian accents||Canadian accent only|
|Types of recordings||Two conversations, two monologues [two for social contexts and two for academic contexts]. One to four people.||Conversations, monologues and a video. One to four people.|
|Extra unscored parts?||No||Yes|
|Questions are…||read||heard for some questions, read for some questions|
|Time||60 minutes||55 – 60 minutes|
|Questions per section||10-13||8-12|
|Extra unscored parts?||No||Yes|
On the IELTS, you are expected to manage your time. You are given 60 minutes to finish all sections.
On the CELPIP, time is strictly enforced per section. You cannot continue working on section 1 once the timer has gone down to 0.
|Time||around 11-14 minutes||around 20 minutes|
|Type||Conversation with an examiner||Speak into a microphone. Your answers are recorded by the computer.|
|Time to prepare||1 minute for section 2||30 to 60 seconds for every section|
|Time limit||appropriately enforced||Strictly enforced|
|Task fulfilment criteria?||No||Yes|
On the IELTS, the examiner may stop you at any time to go to the next question once he/she feels like they have had a good sample of your speech. There are no task fulfilment criteria here.
On the CELPIP, the computer will simply stop recording once the timer has gone down to 0 and if you haven’t finished your answer by then, there is nothing that can be done. If you haven’t fulfilled the criteria laid down by the question (i.e. give advice, describe a situation, deal with a difficult situation, etc.), your answer will be considered incomplete. Task fulfilment is important!
|Time||60 minutes||53 – 60 minutes|
|Word count – Task 1||150||150 – 200|
|Time – Task 1||20 minutes*||23 minutes|
|Word count – Task 2||250||150-200|
|Time – Task 2||40 minutes*||26 minutes|
|Task weight||Task 2 is worth 2x Task 1||Both tasks are equally important|
|Written task 1||Letter or Report#|
|Written task 2||Essay||Survey response|
*Note that on the IELTS you are given one hour to complete both tasks and are expected to manage your time based on the 20-minute and 40-minute recommendations for tasks 1 and 2 respectively. You can choose which task you’d like to attempt first.
On the CELPIP, the time limit is strictly enforced by the computer. You cannot continue working on task 1 after the time limit is over, nor can you choose which task you’d like to do first.
#The report is only for the academic exam.
On both exams, you are always expected to write a bit more than the recommended minimum word count if you want a good score (over 6.5 or CLB 8)
Some other differences between the IELTS and the CELPIP
- It was specifically developed by Citizenship and Immigration Canada for potential immigrants to Canada.
- It is a 19-year-old exam and is still undergoing development, as is evident by the fact that the last revision was 2 years ago.
- There are experimental sections on the CELPIP. You may be asked questions that will not be graded and there is no way for you to know which questions are the ones that aren’t graded.
- Little-to-no information is available about what it takes to become a CELPIP rater.
- You will always have a timer on the screen to remind you of how much time you have left for your tasks.
- The CELPIP is accepted only by Canada.
- Currently, it is available only in select cities in Canada, the United States of America, the United Arab Emirates, the Philippines and India
- Scores are given as whole numbers. There is no ‘half-band’ system on this exam.
- It is a 29-year-old standardised exam that doesn’t change much; this is evident by the fact that the last IELTS revision was 7 years ago.
- Not only do IELTS examiners undergo rigorous training in order to become examiners, but the information regarding their required work experience and qualifications is publicly available to everyone.
- There are no developmental or experimental sections on the IELTS. The only questions you are asked are the ones you will be graded on.
- It is accepted by all English-speaking countries.
- There are many test centres in hundreds of cities around the world for the IELTS.
- The IELTS awards bands scores in increments of 0.5. For writing and speaking, there are four major areas you are tested on, and you receive a band score between 1-9 for each area, which can come out to an average of 6.125 or other such numbers with decimals. When the average score is under .150, it gets rounded down (so 6.125 would become 6) but if the average score is .250 and above, it gets rounded up to the next half-band.
For scores that are around band 6.5 this becomes very crucial. If a test-taker receives band 6.625, they will get rounded down to the nearest half-band, but if they receive a score of 6.725, they get rounded UP to band 7!