April 2024 IELTS Task 2 Essay Idea Generation

QUESTION 1: The impact that the growing demand for more flights has had on the environment is a major concern for many countries. Some people believe that one way to limit the number of people travelling by air is to increase tax on flights. To what extent do you think this could solve the problem?



1. Reduced demand for flights: Increasing taxes on flights can lead to higher ticket prices, making air travel less affordable for some individuals, which could result in a decrease in the overall demand for flights.

2. Encouraging alternative modes of transportation: Higher taxes on flights may incentivize people to explore alternative modes of transportation, such as trains or buses, which are generally more environmentally friendly.

3. Revenue for environmental initiatives: The increased tax revenue from flights can be directed towards funding environmental initiatives, such as investing in renewable energy, promoting sustainable transportation infrastructure, or supporting conservation efforts.

4. Behavioral change: Higher taxes can raise awareness about the environmental impact of air travel, encouraging individuals to reconsider their travel choices and opt for more sustainable options, such as shorter trips or fewer flights.

5. Balancing the external costs: Increasing taxes on flights helps to account for the external costs associated with aviation, such as carbon emissions and noise pollution, by ensuring that the industry contributes to mitigating its environmental impact.

6. Global cooperation: Implementing higher taxes on flights can stimulate international discussions and cooperation on environmental issues, encouraging countries to work together to find sustainable solutions for air travel.


1. Potential economic impact: Higher taxes on flights could have negative economic consequences, such as reduced tourism and business travel, leading to potential job losses and decreased economic activity in related industries.

2. Inequality in travel accessibility: Increased taxes on flights may disproportionately affect low-income individuals who rely on air travel for important reasons, such as visiting family or accessing educational or medical resources in distant locations.

3. Insufficient alternative infrastructure: In some cases, alternative modes of transportation may not be readily available or convenient, making it difficult for people to switch from air travel to other options, particularly for long-distance or international journeys.

4. Leakage to other jurisdictions: Higher taxes on flights in one country may lead to “flight leakage,” where travelers simply choose to fly from nearby countries with lower taxes, resulting in minimal environmental benefits.

5. Technological advancements: Investing in sustainable aviation technologies and fuel alternatives may have a more significant long-term impact on reducing the environmental footprint of air travel compared to relying solely on taxation.

6. Need for comprehensive solutions: Addressing the environmental impact of air travel requires a multifaceted approach, including advancements in technology, improvements in air traffic management, and sustainable practices throughout the aviation industry, rather than relying solely on increased taxes.

QUESTION 2: Some people think that it should be compulsory for people to retake their driving test every 5 years. What are the advantages and disadvantages of doing this?


Advantages of compulsory driving test retakes every 5 years:

1. Ensuring up-to-date knowledge and skills: Regular driving tests would ensure that drivers stay informed about new traffic laws, regulations, and safety practices, keeping their knowledge and skills current.

2. Identifying and addressing deficiencies: Frequent driving tests can help identify drivers with deteriorating skills or those who have developed bad habits over time. This allows for targeted interventions, such as additional training or license restrictions, to address any deficiencies.

3. Improved road safety: Regular driving tests can contribute to improved road safety by ensuring that all drivers on the road are competent and knowledgeable, reducing the risk of accidents caused by incompetent or unqualified drivers.

4. Encouraging responsible driving behavior: Knowing that they will be regularly evaluated, drivers may be more motivated to adopt responsible driving behaviors, such as following traffic rules, practicing defensive driving, and avoiding risky behaviors.

5. Assessing medical fitness: Mandatory driving test retakes can provide an opportunity to assess drivers’ physical and mental fitness, including vision, reflexes, and cognitive abilities, ensuring that they are fit to operate a vehicle safely.

6. Enhancing driver accountability: Requiring regular driving tests reinforces the idea that driving is a privilege and not a right. It promotes a culture of accountability, reminding drivers of their responsibility to maintain their skills and knowledge to ensure the safety of themselves and others on the road.

Disadvantages of compulsory driving test retakes every 5 years:

1. Practical challenges and costs: Implementing regular driving tests for the entire driving population can be logistically challenging and costly, requiring sufficient testing facilities, trained examiners, and administrative resources.

2. Increased workload for authorities: Conducting frequent driving tests would place a significant burden on transportation authorities, potentially leading to delays in scheduling and processing tests.

3. Inconvenience for drivers: Requiring drivers to retake their driving tests every 5 years may cause inconvenience, including time off work, travel to testing centers, and additional expenses associated with the testing process.

4. Discrimination and bias: There is a risk of bias or discrimination during the testing process, as examiners’ subjective judgments could influence test outcomes. Certain demographic groups may face disproportionate challenges or biases during the evaluation.

5. Negative impact on mobility: Mandatory driving test retakes might restrict individuals’ mobility, especially for those living in rural areas with limited access to transportation alternatives, leading to reduced independence and inconvenience.

6. Limited impact on accident reduction: Although regular driving tests aim to improve road safety, it is not guaranteed that accidents and incidents caused by driver error would be eliminated entirely, as factors such as weather conditions, infrastructure, and other drivers also contribute to accidents.

QUESTION 3: Some people think an international car-free day is an effective way to reduce air pollution. Others think there are more effective ways to do this. Discuss both sides and give your opinion. 


Advantages of an international car-free day:

1. Promoting awareness: Designating a specific day where people are encouraged to forgo using cars can raise awareness about the environmental impact of vehicles and the benefits of alternative modes of transportation.

2. Reducing air pollution: By reducing the number of cars on the road, an international car-free day can help reduce air pollution, particularly in urban areas where vehicle emissions are a significant contributor.

3. Encouraging alternative transportation: Car-free days can encourage people to explore and use alternative modes of transportation, such as walking, cycling, public transportation, or carpooling. This can promote healthier lifestyles and reduce traffic congestion.

4. Showcasing sustainable transportation options: Car-free days can serve as an opportunity to showcase and promote sustainable transportation options, such as electric vehicles, hybrid cars, and improved public transportation systems.

5. Community building: Car-free days can create a sense of community and promote social interaction, as people come together to engage in car-free activities or events.

6. Setting a precedent: Designating an international car-free day can set a precedent and inspire individuals, communities, and governments to adopt more sustainable transportation practices and policies throughout the year.

Disadvantages of an international car-free day:

1. Limited impact: A single day without cars may have limited long-term impact on air pollution if people return to their regular car usage afterward. Sustained efforts and comprehensive strategies are needed to achieve significant and lasting reductions in air pollution.

2. Practical challenges: Implementing and enforcing a car-free day globally can be logistically challenging, especially in regions heavily reliant on cars for transportation. It may disrupt daily routines, pose logistical challenges for essential services, and inconvenience some individuals.

3. Economic considerations: Car-free days can have economic implications, especially for businesses that rely on transportation and mobility. It may affect industries such as logistics, transportation services, and retail establishments that depend on car access for customers.

4. Equity concerns: Car-free days may disproportionately affect certain groups, such as those with limited access to alternative transportation options or individuals with disabilities who rely on cars for mobility.

5. Need for comprehensive strategies: While car-free days can raise awareness and promote behavior change, they should be part of a larger, comprehensive strategy that includes infrastructure improvements, public transportation enhancements, and incentives to encourage sustainable transportation choices.

6. Regional variations: The effectiveness of car-free days can vary across regions, depending on factors such as urban density, public transportation availability, and cultural norms. Tailoring solutions to specific contexts may be more effective than a one-size-fits-all approach.

QUESTION 4: One way to solve the problem of congestion on the roads is to increase the tax on private vehicles. How could this alleviate congestion? What other measures can you suggest to deal with congestion in cities?


Increasing the tax on private vehicles can alleviate congestion by:

1. Discouraging car usage: Higher taxes on private vehicles make driving more expensive, which can incentivize people to explore alternative modes of transportation, such as public transit, cycling, or walking. This can reduce the number of cars on the road and alleviate congestion.

2. Encouraging carpooling and shared rides: Higher taxes on private vehicles can encourage people to carpool or use ride-sharing services, leading to fewer vehicles on the road and reduced congestion.

3. Promoting efficient vehicle choices: Higher taxes can incentivize individuals to opt for more fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly vehicles, such as hybrid or electric cars. This can reduce traffic congestion while also addressing environmental concerns.

4. Generating revenue for transportation infrastructure: Increased taxes on private vehicles can generate revenue that can be allocated to improving transportation infrastructure, such as expanding public transit networks, building more bike lanes, or enhancing pedestrian infrastructure. These improvements can provide alternatives to private vehicle use and help alleviate congestion.

5. Shifting focus to public transportation: Higher taxes on private vehicles can prompt governments and policymakers to prioritize investment in public transportation systems. By improving public transit options, more people may choose to use public transportation instead of driving, reducing congestion on the roads.

6. Encouraging urban planning measures: Increased taxes on private vehicles can prompt urban planners to prioritize measures that discourage car-dependent urban development, such as promoting mixed-use neighborhoods, implementing congestion pricing schemes, and creating pedestrian-friendly environments. These measures can help manage traffic flow and reduce congestion.

Other measures to deal with congestion in cities include:

1. Enhancing public transportation: Investing in reliable, efficient, and extensive public transportation systems can encourage more people to use public transit, reducing the number of private vehicles on the road.

2. Implementing congestion pricing: Charging fees for driving in congested areas or during peak hours can discourage unnecessary trips and incentivize carpooling or alternative modes of transportation.

3. Promoting active transportation: Developing infrastructure for walking and cycling, including dedicated bike lanes and pedestrian-friendly streets, can encourage people to choose these modes of transportation for shorter trips, reducing congestion.

4. Improving traffic management: Employing intelligent transportation systems, including traffic signal optimization, real-time traffic information, and smart parking systems, can help optimize traffic flow and reduce congestion.

5. Encouraging telecommuting and flexible work arrangements: Promoting remote work options, flexible work hours, and telecommuting can help reduce peak-hour traffic and alleviate congestion.

6. Urban densification and mixed-use development: Encouraging urban densification and mixed-use development can reduce the need for long commutes by bringing residences, workplaces, and amenities closer together, reducing travel distances and congestion.

QUESTION 5: Some people think that in order to deal with the problem of congestion in cities, privately owned vehicles should be banned in city centers, while others consider this to be an unrealistic solution. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.


Arguments in favor of banning privately owned vehicles in city centers:

1. Reduced congestion: Banning privately owned vehicles can significantly reduce traffic congestion in city centers, as it discourages individual car usage and encourages alternative modes of transportation like public transit, walking, and cycling.

2. Improved air quality: With fewer cars on the road, the air quality in city centers can improve, leading to better health outcomes for residents and a reduction in pollution-related issues.

3. Enhancing public spaces: Removing cars from city centers can create opportunities to reclaim space for pedestrians, cyclists, and public amenities, creating more vibrant and livable urban environments.

4. Safety benefits: Banning privately owned vehicles can enhance safety for pedestrians and cyclists by reducing the risk of accidents and creating more pedestrian-friendly infrastructure.

5. Encouraging sustainable transportation: Restricting private vehicles can promote the use of sustainable transportation options, such as electric buses, trams, and shared mobility services, contributing to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and combating climate change.

6. Improved urban livability: By reducing noise pollution, freeing up parking spaces, and creating more people-centric spaces, banning private vehicles can enhance the overall quality of life in city centers.

Arguments against banning privately owned vehicles in city centers:

1. Accessibility challenges: A complete ban on private vehicles can pose challenges for individuals with mobility limitations or those who rely on cars for specific purposes, such as parents with young children or individuals with certain medical conditions.

2. Economic implications: Banning privately owned vehicles can have economic impacts on businesses in city centers that rely on customer access by car. It may also result in job losses in sectors related to private vehicle ownership.

3. Inadequate public transportation: Before implementing a ban, cities need to ensure that public transportation alternatives are well-developed, reliable, and capable of accommodating the increased demand resulting from the ban. Otherwise, it may lead to inconvenience and dissatisfaction among residents.

4. Equity concerns: Banning privately owned vehicles may disproportionately affect lower-income individuals who rely on cars due to limited access to public transportation or alternative means of mobility.

5. Behavioral change challenges: Changing people’s attitudes and behaviors toward car ownership and usage requires time and effective policies. A ban alone may not be enough to shift societal norms and preferences regarding car ownership.

6. Enforcement and compliance: Implementing and enforcing a ban on private vehicles can be logistically challenging and may require significant resources for monitoring and ensuring compliance.

QUESTION 6: A poor infrastructure hinders under-developed countries from progressing and modernising. Some people think that this should be the first problem tackled by foreign aid. To what extent do you agree with this opinion?


Points in favor of tackling infrastructure as the first problem with foreign aid:

1. Foundation for development: Infrastructure, including transportation networks, energy systems, and communication facilities, forms the foundation for economic growth and development. Without adequate infrastructure, other development initiatives may struggle to take hold.

2. Economic impact: Improved infrastructure enables increased trade, investment, and productivity, leading to economic growth and poverty reduction. It can attract foreign direct investment, create job opportunities, and stimulate various sectors of the economy.

3. Basic services and quality of life: Infrastructure development, such as water supply, sanitation, healthcare facilities, and educational institutions, directly impacts the well-being and quality of life for individuals in under-developed countries.

4. Connectivity and access: Enhancing infrastructure connects remote areas to urban centers, markets, and services, ensuring access to essential resources, opportunities, and social integration.

5. Resilience and disaster management: Strong infrastructure systems can help countries better respond to and recover from natural disasters and crises, safeguarding lives and minimizing economic and social disruptions.

6. Catalyzing other development sectors: Infrastructure improvements can catalyze progress in other sectors like agriculture, tourism, and industry, leading to broader economic diversification and sustainable development.

Points against prioritizing infrastructure as the first problem with foreign aid:

1. Complex and costly: Building or rehabilitating infrastructure requires significant financial resources, technical expertise, and time. Other immediate needs like health, education, and food security may require more urgent attention.

2. Socioeconomic inequality: Focusing solely on infrastructure development may exacerbate existing socioeconomic inequalities, as benefits might disproportionately reach urban areas or specific regions, leaving marginalized communities behind.

3. Institutional capacity and governance: Weak governance, corruption, and inadequate institutional capacity can hinder the effective implementation and maintenance of infrastructure projects, potentially leading to inefficiencies and limited long-term impact.

4. Multi-dimensional challenges: Under-developed countries face a myriad of interconnected challenges, including education, healthcare, social issues, and governance. Addressing these complex issues simultaneously can yield more holistic and sustainable development outcomes.

5. Context-specific needs: Each country has unique circumstances and development priorities. A one-size-fits-all approach to prioritizing infrastructure may overlook critical needs and opportunities for targeted interventions.

6. Participatory development: Involving local communities in decision-making processes ensures that aid projects align with their needs and aspirations. Neglecting other pressing concerns can undermine the principle of participatory development.

QUESTION 7: One way to solve the problem of congestion in cities is to build sky trains which run overhead rather than on or under the ground. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using this solution to solve congestion?


Advantages of using sky trains to solve congestion:

1. Efficient use of space: Sky trains utilize vertical space, reducing the need for additional land acquisition or disrupting existing infrastructure. They can be built above roadways, minimizing the impact on ground-level activities.

2. Faster travel times: Sky trains can bypass ground-level congestion, offering faster and more reliable transportation options. This can reduce travel times and improve overall mobility within the city.

3. Reduced traffic congestion: By providing an alternative mode of transportation, sky trains can help alleviate road congestion, particularly during peak hours. This can lead to smoother traffic flow and fewer delays for commuters.

4. Environmental benefits: Sky trains generally run on electricity and produce fewer greenhouse gas emissions compared to individual cars. They promote sustainable transportation and contribute to reducing air pollution and carbon footprint in cities.

5. Capacity and scalability: Sky trains have the potential to carry large volumes of passengers, reducing the strain on existing road networks. They can be expanded or adjusted to meet increasing transportation demands in the future.

6. Enhanced urban aesthetics: Sky trains can add a distinctive architectural element to cityscapes, contributing to the visual appeal and uniqueness of urban environments.

Disadvantages of using sky trains to solve congestion:

1. Cost and infrastructure requirements: Building sky trains involves significant upfront investment and extensive infrastructure development. This can be financially burdensome, especially for cities with limited resources.

2. Disruption during construction: Constructing sky train systems can cause disruptions to existing transportation networks and surrounding communities. Road closures, construction noise, and restricted access may inconvenience residents and businesses during the construction phase.

3. Visual impact: Sky trains, particularly elevated tracks, can alter the visual character of the cityscape. Some people may consider them as visual obstructions or feel that they negatively impact the aesthetic appeal of the city.

4. Limited flexibility and accessibility: Sky trains operate on fixed routes and cannot provide door-to-door connectivity like buses or cars. This may limit accessibility, especially for areas not directly served by the sky train network.

5. Noise and vibration: Sky trains can generate noise and vibration, particularly for nearby residents. This can be a concern for communities located in close proximity to the tracks.

6. Safety and maintenance: Ensuring the safety of sky train systems, including proper maintenance and operational procedures, is crucial. Regular inspections, upkeep, and emergency preparedness must be in place to prevent accidents and disruptions.

QUESTION 8: Some employers want to be able to contact their staff at all times, even on holidays.
Does this development have more advantages than disadvantages?


Advantages of employers being able to contact their staff at all times:

1. Improved productivity: Constant availability allows for timely communication and addressing urgent work-related matters, leading to increased productivity and efficiency.

2. Flexibility and responsiveness: Employers can adapt to changing circumstances quickly and make informed decisions by staying connected to their staff. This can help in handling unforeseen situations or urgent client needs.

3. Enhanced collaboration: Real-time communication enables better coordination among team members, even when they are not physically present in the workplace. It fosters collaboration and teamwork, promoting a seamless flow of information.

4. Remote work facilitation: With the ability to contact staff at any time, employers can facilitate remote work arrangements, allowing employees to have more flexibility and work-life balance.

5. Emergency situations: In critical situations or emergencies, being able to reach employees promptly can ensure their safety and enable timely response and support.

6. Increased job satisfaction: Some employees may appreciate the flexibility of being available outside regular working hours, as it allows them to have more control over their schedules and maintain a healthy work-life integration.

Disadvantages of employers being able to contact their staff at all times:

1. Work-life imbalance: Constant availability can blur the boundaries between work and personal life, leading to increased stress and difficulty in maintaining a healthy work-life balance.

2. Burnout and fatigue: The expectation of always being reachable can lead to burnout, exhaustion, and decreased job satisfaction. Employees may feel overwhelmed and experience high levels of stress due to the constant pressure to be available.

3. Intrusion of personal time: Employees may feel that their personal time is being invaded when they are contacted by employers outside working hours. This can negatively affect their well-being and quality of life.

4. Boundaries and privacy: Continuous contact can make it challenging for employees to establish clear boundaries between work and personal life. It may infringe on their privacy and limit their ability to disconnect from work-related matters.

5. Reduced creativity and downtime: Constant availability may limit employees’ ability to recharge, relax, and engage in activities that promote creativity and innovation. Lack of downtime can hinder their ability to think critically and develop new ideas.

6. Unfair expectations: Some employees may feel pressured to respond immediately, even during non-working hours, creating an unfair expectation of always being on call. This can lead to job dissatisfaction and potential employee turnover.

QUESTION 9: More and more people are moving away from an agricultural background to relocate to cities in order to look for work. What will be the consequences of this? What solutions can you offer?


Consequences of people moving away from an agricultural background to cities:

1. Urbanization: The rapid migration from rural areas to cities leads to increased urbanization. This can result in overcrowding, strain on resources, and challenges in providing basic services such as housing, healthcare, and transportation.

2. Agricultural decline: The shift away from an agricultural background can lead to a decline in farming and agricultural practices. This can have implications for food production, food security, and the preservation of traditional farming knowledge.

3. Economic opportunities: Moving to cities offers individuals access to a wider range of job opportunities and higher income potential. This can lead to economic growth and improved living standards for those who find employment.

4. Pressure on urban infrastructure: The influx of people to cities puts pressure on existing infrastructure, such as transportation systems, utilities, and public services. It may lead to inadequate infrastructure, traffic congestion, and strains on resources.

5. Cultural changes: As people migrate from rural areas to cities, there can be a loss of traditional cultural practices and ways of life. This can impact community cohesion, social norms, and cultural diversity.

6. Rural depopulation: The migration of people from rural areas to cities can result in depopulation of rural communities. This can lead to a decline in the vitality of rural economies, loss of local services, and challenges in maintaining rural infrastructure.

Solutions to address the consequences:

1. Rural development initiatives: Implement programs and policies that support rural development, including infrastructure improvements, access to quality education and healthcare, and promotion of sustainable agriculture.

2. Diversification of rural economies: Encourage the development of non-agricultural economic opportunities in rural areas to create employment and improve living standards, reducing the need for migration.

3. Balanced regional development: Promote balanced development across regions by investing in infrastructure and economic opportunities in rural areas, reducing the concentration of population and resources in cities.

4. Agricultural innovation and support: Provide incentives, training, and support for farmers to adopt modern agricultural practices, improve productivity, and sustain rural livelihoods.

5. Enhance urban infrastructure: Invest in urban infrastructure to accommodate the growing urban population, including transportation systems, affordable housing, and utilities, to ensure cities can sustainably support increased migration.

6. Education and awareness: Raise awareness about the importance of rural communities, agriculture, and the benefits of sustainable rural living to encourage people to stay or return to rural areas.

QUESTION 10: Completing university education is thought by some to be the best way to get a good job. On the other hand, other people think that getting experience and developing soft skills is more important. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.


Benefits of Completing University Education:

1. Specialized Knowledge: University education provides a structured curriculum that imparts in-depth knowledge in a specific field. This knowledge can be highly valuable and can give individuals a competitive edge in the job market.

2. Credentials: Employers often value degrees as a measure of a candidate’s commitment, discipline, and ability to follow through on long-term goals. A university degree can serve as proof of these qualities and may increase the chances of getting a job interview.

3. Network Opportunities: Universities offer a diverse environment with professors, classmates, and alumni who can become valuable connections in the future. Networking can open doors to internships, job opportunities, and mentorship, which can greatly enhance career prospects.

4. Career Preparation: Many universities provide career counseling, internships, and cooperative education programs that help students gain practical experience and understand the expectations of the professional world. This preparation can improve job prospects after graduation.

5. Access to Resources: Universities often have extensive libraries, research facilities, and specialized equipment that can support academic learning and provide opportunities for hands-on experience. Such resources can foster a deeper understanding of the subject matter and enhance practical skills.

6. Personal Development: University education not only enhances subject-specific knowledge but also promotes critical thinking, problem-solving, and communication skills. These transferable skills are highly valued by employers across various industries.

Benefits of Experience and Soft Skills:

1. Practical Knowledge: While universities provide theoretical knowledge, hands-on experience in the field can offer a practical understanding of industry practices, workflows, and real-world challenges. This practical knowledge is often highly sought after by employers.

2. Adaptability and Flexibility: Work experience helps individuals develop adaptability, as they encounter different situations, work cultures, and challenges. This adaptability can be crucial in a rapidly changing job market and can give candidates an advantage.

3. Soft Skills Development: Experience allows individuals to develop essential soft skills such as communication, teamwork, leadership, problem-solving, and time management. These skills are often considered vital for success in the workplace and can complement academic qualifications.

4. Industry Connections: Through work experience, individuals have the opportunity to build a network of industry professionals who can provide valuable references, mentorship, and job referrals. These connections can often open doors to better job opportunities.

5. Demonstrated Competence: Actual work experience showcases an individual’s ability to apply knowledge in practical settings. Employers may place more value on demonstrated competence rather than solely relying on academic qualifications.

6. Exploring Different Paths: Gaining experience before committing to a specific career path allows individuals to explore different industries, roles, and job functions. This exploration can provide valuable insights and help individuals make more informed career choices.